PROCEDURA ARBITRALA, "RAPIDA SI CONFIDENTIALA".
Statutul specific instantelor arbitrale atrage dupa sine particularitati distincte. Statutul nu da dreptul instantei arbitrale sa ceara de la litiganti prezentarea de informatii confidentiale sau care contin secrete comerciale fara acordul personelor la care se refera aceasta informatii. Din aceste motive, instanta arbitrala este utilizata in toate categoriile de litigii comerciale ai civile, indiferent de complexitate. Un avantaj real este reprezentat de limitele de timp relativ scurt, in care litigiile trebuie rezolvate si hotaririle arbitrale incheiate .
Din prevederile Constitutionale, precum si din continutul altor legi, reiese clar, ca instantele arbitrale nu fac parte din sistemul "instantelor judecatoresti de stat", dar ca acesta, recunoaste legalitatea si temeinicia hotaririi arbitrale asigurind executarea ei silita, conform codului de procedura civila. Instantele arbitrale , au de asemenea obligatia de a colabora cu instantele judecatoresti de stat benevol, sau la cererea acestora. Importanta institutiei arbitrilor s-a dovedit benefica de-a lungul anilor in special in tarile cu o economie de piata dezvoltata si a devenit o axioma si un imperativ al timpului, pentru economia globala de astazi.
The Alternative Dispute Resolution is an out-of court instrument where the entities involve neutral parties (e.g. a conciliator, mediator, ombudsman, complaints board etc.), who help them to resolve disputes in the case of problems with products or services which they have bought. Online Dispute Resolution on the other hand will allow consumers and traders, who are located far from each other, to handle their disputes online, via an interactive, free of charge website, available in all official languages of the EU. The ADR and the ODR offer cheap and quick solutions, in the languages of the parties involved, as opposed to court proceedings, which are often expensive, time-consuming and burdensome. This will help consumers seek compensation and take full advantage of the Single Market.
The Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection voted recently on Reports concerning the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) and the Online Dispute Resolution (ODR). ODR is an alternative dispute resolution process aided by online technology. This can help solve disputes especially for online purchases, where the consumer and the trader are often located far from each other. The aim of these instruments is to ensure impartial, transparent and effective means which can help consumers resolve disputes with trades in the case of both cross-border and domestic e-commerce transactions, without going to court. "Consumers and traders, especially the smaller ones, feel insecure when carrying out cross-border transactions online. They're missing out on the potential of the Single Market because they don't know where to turn to for help if they encounter a problem. ODR will give them confidence to buy and sell throughout the EU, thereby providing better choice for the consumer and a larger market for the trader", said the European Parliament's Rapporteur for the ODR, Róża Thun MEP.
"The Alternative Dispute Settlement (ADS) is a fast, affordable and effective way to solve problems. A European network of settlement points will be available for consumers which will boost confidence in the Single Market. European companies can also profit"!
Mircea Halaciuga, Esq., Presedinte, Memebru al Baroului International, Camera Judecatorilor.